Californium 252 For Sale – CF252 Neutron Sources
Californium 252 For Sale, As a valuable trading commodity, Californium 252 (CF-252) is also available. On the worldwide market, one gram of it costs $27 million, making it the most costly chemical. The price of Californium, the heaviest element that exists naturally on Earth, reflects this fact, especially when it is produced synthetically for use in nuclear operations.
For customers in a variety of industries for more than 16 years, Metal Scrap Solution has been a top supplier of californium-252 (Cf-252) neutron sources. We specialize in offering cutting-edge neutron sources for use in applications involving oil, gas, sand, and shale all around the world. Oil and gas specialists can locate oil, gas, sand, and shale deposits by measuring ground porosity and permeability, drill depth and length, and the presence of hydrocarbons with the aid of precisely calibrated neutron source systems.
Californium-252 Neutron Sources
A radioactive isotope created synthetically called Californium-252 emits a lot of neutrons on its own. Cf-252 must be handled carefully because it is very radioactive. Applications for Cf-252 range from starting nuclear fission in nuclear power plants to spotting and warning of explosives due to its stable neutron emissions.
The significant amount of neutrons that Cf-252 emits makes it an excellent choice for detecting purposes. Materials exposed to neutron bombardment from a Cf-252 source emit gamma radiation that can be examined to determine the material and elemental composition without invasive techniques.
Use as an Investment: Californium is regarded as the material of the near future due to its particular applications.
California 252 is a rare metal that high-flying investors can invest in for high returns.
Uses of Californium (Californium 252)
Despite the fact that 20 isotopes of californium have been found and classified, the majority of them have problems that restrict their use. Californianium-252 differs from other californium isotopes due to its superior neutron emission properties and increased stability. In fact, it is currently the only isotope of Californium that is thought to have significant practical value. Numerous sectors already employ it, and new applications are continuously being found.
Among the most typical use cases are:
–Nuclear; Californium-252 can be used as a neutron source to initiate the nuclear fission process in reactors.
–Medical; When various radiation therapies have failed to treat a particular malignant tumor, the neutrons generated by californium-252 can be used to target the tumor.
–Oil and petrochemical;California-252’s neutron emissions are employed in well-logging applications to give drilling operators crucial information that helps them comprehend the area.
–Material scanning; Numerous techniques involving material scanning can make use of the neutron emissions from California-252. For instance, in prompt-gamma neutron activation analysis (PGNAA), a sample can be irradiated with neutron beams, and the gamma rays that are released can be detected and utilized to ascertain the composition of the substance. In order to identify the components of chemical warfare agents, portable isotopic neutron spectroscopy (PINS) can use Californianium-252 as a neutron source.
Understanding the price of californium
Despite being renowned for being more expensive, californium-252 is nevertheless a very valuable neutron source because of its capacity for spontaneous fission and high production costs. A few of the elements that affect the cost of californium are:
1.) Limited availability; Since it does not exist naturally, Californium-252 can only be created in a high flux isotope reactor. There are only two nuclear reactors in the world that can produce Cf-252: SMR3 at RIAR in Russia and the High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR) at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL).
2.) Production costs; From beginning to end, the manufacture of californium-252 requires roughly two years.
3.) Transportation costs; Due to the high radioactivity of this isotope, specialist Type A shipping containers must be built to safeguard its contents during transportation.